RDF graphs that are used in this manner are called "shapes graphs" in SHACL and the RDF graphs that are validated against a shapes graph are called "data graphs".
Implementations that cover only the SHACL Core features are not required to implement these mechanisms.
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One way to bypass this syntax rule is to spread the constraints across multiple (property) shapes, as illustrated in the following example.
, which provide instructions (for example expressed via SPARQL queries) on how the parameters are used to validate data.