The population was 117,429 at the 2010 census, making it the state's third-most populous city after Indianapolis and Fort Wayne, the largest city in Southern Indiana, and the 232nd-most populous city in the United States.It is the commercial, medical, and cultural hub of Southwestern Indiana and the Illinois-Indiana-Kentucky tri-state area, home to over 911,000 people.With steamboats, less of a factor in the local economy, city, and federal officials responded to the flood with about fifty years of levee construction that penned and hid the Ohio River behind a barrier of earthen berms and concrete walls.During World War II, Evansville was a major center of industrial production and, as a result, it helped wipe away the lingering effects of the Great Depression.The county was named for Henry Vanderburgh, a deceased chief judge of the Indiana territorial supreme court.Evansville became a thriving commercial town with a river trade, and the town began to expand outside of its original footprint.Manufacturing also took off, particularly in the automobile and refrigeration industries.
A tourist destination, Evansville is home to Tropicana Evansville, the state's first casino, Mesker Park Zoo and Botanic Garden, one of the state's oldest and largest zoos, and sports tourism industry. The University of Evansville is a small private school on the city's east side, while the University of Southern Indiana is a larger public institution just outside the city's westside limits.
Unfortunately, the project bankrupted the state and was so poorly engineered it would not hold water.
By the time the Wabash and Erie Canal was finished in 1853, Evansville's first railroad, Evansville & Crawfordsville Railroad, was opened to Terre Haute.
Other local educational institutions include nationally ranked Signature School and the Evansville Vanderburgh Public Library.
In 2008, Evansville was voted the best city in the country in which "to live, work, and play" by the readers of Kiplinger, and in 2009 the 11th best. Following the abandonment of Angel Mounds between the years 14, tribes of Miami, Shawnee, Piankeshaw, Wyandot, Delaware and other Native American peoples were known to be in the area.