Thousands of refugees from the 1804 Haitian Revolution, both whites and free people of color (affranchis or gens de couleur libres), arrived in New Orleans, often accompanied by slaves of African descent.
While Governor Claiborne and other officials wanted to keep out additional free black people, the French Creoles wanted to increase the French-speaking population.
After his troops had been assaulted and harassed in the streets by Southern women, his order warned that future such occurrences would result in his men treating such "ladies" as those "plying their avocation in the streets", implying that they would treat the women like prostitutes. He also came to be called "Spoons" Butler because of the alleged looting that his troops did while occupying the city.
Butler abolished French language instruction in city schools.
Asian personals are waiting for you in NEW ORLEANS. If a substantial proportion of free persons of color and slaves had not also spoken French, however, the Gallic community would have become a minority of the total population as early as 1820.After the Louisiana Purchase, numerous Anglo-Americans migrated to the city.The 1809 migration brought 2,731 whites; 3,102 free persons of African descent; and 3,226 slaves of African descent, doubling the city's population.The city became 63 percent black, a greater proportion than Charleston, South Carolina's 53 percent.Dwarfing the other cities in the antebellum South, New Orleans had the nation's largest slave market. The slaves were collectively valued at half a billion dollars.An ancillary economy grew up around the trade—for transportation, housing and clothing, fees, etc., estimated at 13.5% of the price per person, amounting to tens of billions of dollars (2005 dollars, adjusted for inflation) during the antebellum period, with New Orleans as a prime addition of white immigrants [from Saint-Domingue] to the white creole population enabled French-speakers to remain a majority of the white population until almost 1830.Napoleon sold Louisiana (New France) to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.Thereafter, the city grew rapidly with influxes of Americans, French, Creoles and Africans. Major commodity crops of sugar and cotton were cultivated with slave labor on nearby large plantations.As more refugees were allowed into the Territory of Orleans, Haitian émigrés who had first gone to Cuba also arrived.Nearly 90 percent of these immigrants settled in New Orleans.