On March 29, 1733, a major gathering of the Sikhs was held here in front of Akal Takht Sahib.During the same time a Sarbat Khalsa gathering was also held. In April 1734, Bhai Mani Singh was arrested and was martyred at Lahore on June 24, 1734.(Earlier Guru Ram Das Sahib had begun building Santokhsar Sarovar, near erstwhile village of Sultanwind in 1564 . In 1574, Guru Ram Das Sahib built his residence and moved to this place. Since then this city is known as Amritsar (after the name of the Sarovar).The foundation of the Darbar Sahib had been laid by Guru Arjan Sahib on January 3, 1588.In 1590, Guru Arjan Sahib moved to village Wadali where Guru Hargobind Sahib was born on June 19, 1590. In 1603-04, the first volume of Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh scriptures, was prepared in this city and was installed at Darbar Sahib on August 16, 1604.It is here that Akal Takht Sahib (Throne of the Almighty) was revealed by Guru Hargobind Sahib in 1609.Amritsar literally means "the pool of nectar", the name derived from a pool constructed at the sacred site in the 16th century, gifted by the Mughal Emperor Akbar to Guru Ramdas, the fourth preceptor of the Sikh faith.Under instructions from Guru Amar Das Sahib, this city was founded by Guru Ram Das Sahib in 1574, on the land bought by him for an amount of rupees 700 from the owners of the village Tung. Guru Ram Das Sahib began excavation of the Amritsar Sarovar (tank) in 1577. This tank was renovated by Guru Arjun Sahib in 1586.
In 1765, the Sikhs began re-construction of the shrines. Around 1830, Ranjit Singh gold-plated some part of the inner section of the Darbar Sahib.
Two flags representing temporal and spiritual authority (Sikh sovereignty) have been set up in front of Akal Takht Sahib.
Here Guru Hargobind Sahib wore two swords of Miri and Piri (temporal and transcendental authority).
The Mogul chief of Patti tried to occupy Amritsar several times. The Sikhs, under the command of Bhai Mani Singh and Bhai Tara Singh of Dall-Wan, repelled this attack.
When Baba Banda Singh Bahadur occupied several areas in the Punjab, Bhai Mani Singh chose to leave Amritsar in order to avoid the Mogul attacks.